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Peer-Reviewed Publications:

  1. Wojtczak, A., Schwarz, M.R.  (2000)  Minimum Essential Requirements and Standards in Medical Education  Medical Teacher  22(6):555-559.
  2. Schwarz, M.R.  (2001)  Globalization and medical education.  (Editorial)  Medical Teacher, 23(6), 533-534.
  3. Schwarz, M.R., Wojtczak, A.  (2002)  Global minimum essential requirements:  a road towards competence-oriented medical education.  Medical Teacher, 24(2):125-129.
  4. Core Committee, Institute for International Medical Education.  (2002)  Global minimum essential requirements in medical education.  Medical Teacher, 24(2):130-135.
  5. Wojtczak, A.  (2002)  Glossary of medical education terms:  Part 1.  Medical Teacher, 24(2):216-219.
  6. Wojtczak, A.  (2002)  Glossary of medical education terms:  Part 2.  Medical Teacher, 24(3):338-340.
  7. Wojtczak, A.  (2002)  Medical Education Terminology (Editorial)  Medical Teacher 24(4), 357.
  8. Wojtczak, A.  (2002)  Glossary of medical education terms:  Part 3.  Medical Teacher, 24(4):450-453.
  9. Wojtczak, A.  (2002)  Glossary of medical education terms:  Part 4.  Medical Teacher, 24(5):567-568.
  10. Wojtczak, A.  (2002)  Glossary of medical education terms:  Part 5.  Medical Teacher, 24(6):658-660.
  11. Wojtczak, A.  (2002)  Glossary of medical education terms:  Part 6.  Medical Teacher, 25(1):94-96.
  12. Wojtczak, A.  (2002)  Glossary of medical education terms:  Part 7.  Medical Teacher, 25(2):224-227.
  13. Wojtczak, A.  (2003)  Glossary of medical education terms.  AMEE Occasional Paper,     No. 3.
  14. Stern, D.T., Wojtczak, A., Schwarz, M.R.  (2003)  The assessment of global minimum essential requirements in medical education.  Medical Teacher, 25(6):589-595.
  15. Schwarz, M.R., Wojtczak, A.  (2003)  Global minimum essential requirements in medical education.  Publication of the Center for Medical Education Research and Development, West China Center of Medical Sciences, Sichuan University, pp. 59-71.
  16. Schwarz, M.R., Wojtczak, A.  (2003)  Evaluation of Learning Outcomes:  Assessment methods and measurement instrument working review.  Publication of the Center for Medical Education Research and Development, West China Center of Medical Sciences, Sichuan University, pp. 72-81.
  17. Wojtczak, A.  (2003)  Glossary of medical education terms.  Publication of the Center for Medical Education Research and Development, West China Center of Medical Sciences, Sichuan University, pp. 82-132.
  18. Schwarz, M.R., Wojtczak, A.  (2003)  Una vía hacia la educación médica orientada a las competencias:  Los requisitos globales esenciales mínimos.  Educación Médica  (6)2:S/5-S/10.
  19. Comité Central, Instituto para la Educación Médica Internacional.  (IIME) (2003)  Requisitos globales mínimos esenciales en educación médica.  Educación Médica  (6)2:S/11-S/19.
  20. Wojtczak, A.  (2003)  Glosario de terminus de educación médica. Educación Médica  (6)2:S/21-S/49.
  21. Schwarz, M.R., Wojtczak, A., Zhou, T.,  (2004)  Medical education in China's leading medical schools.  Medical Teacher, 26(3):215-222.
  22. Stern, D.T., Friedman Ben-David, M., De Champlain, A., Hodges, B., Wojtczak, A., Schwarz, M.R.  (2005)   Ensuring global standards for medical graduates:  a pilot study of international standard setting.  Medical Teacher  27(3), 207-213.
  23. Stern DT, Friedman Ben-David M, Norcini J, Wojtczak A, Schwarz MR.  "Setting International School-level Outcome Standards."  Medical Education 2006; 40(2):166-172.
  24. Schwarz, M.R., Wojtczak, A., Stern, D.T. (2006)  The outcomes of global minimum essential requirements (GMER) pilot implementation in China.  Medical Teacher (Accepted for publication).

Invited Presentations

  1. Annual Meeting, Association for Medical Education in Europe (AMEE), Linkoping, Sweden, August 29-September 1, 1999.
  2. 9th International OTTAWA Conference on Medical Education, Cape Town, South Africa, March 1-3, 2000
  3. G8 Global Health Care Applications Project, National and International Challenges from the G8 Global Healthcare Applications Project (GHAP), Berlin, Germany, May 4-5, 2000.
  4. First International Conference, "Rural Aging:  A Global Challenge", West Virginia University Center on Aging, June 7-11, 2000.
  5. Second World Assembly on Ageing, Frankfurt, Germany, June 13-16, 2000.
  6. Annual Meeting, Association for Medical Education in Europe (AMEE), Beer Sheva, Israel, August 27-30, 2000.
  7. Annual Meeting, Association of American Medical Colleges (AAMC), Chicago, IL, October 27-November 1, 2000.
  8. Academy for International Health Studies, The International Summit on the Private Health Sector, December 3-6, 2000.
  9. United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UN/ECE), First Expert Seminar in Preparation for the Ministerial Conference on Ageing, Geneva, Switzerland, January 8-10, 2001.
  10. 5th Annual Meeting, International Association of Medical Science Educators, Rochester, Minnesota, July 21-24, 2001.
  11. Annual Meeting, Association for Medical Education in Europe (AMEE), Berlin, Germany, September 2-5, 2001.
  12. Annual Meeting, Association of American Medical Colleges (AAMC), Washington, D.C., November 2-7, 2001.
  13. 10th International OTTAWA Conference on Medical Education, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, July 13-16, 2002.
  14. Annual Meeting, National Board of Medical Examiners, Philadelphia, PA,   March 14-15, 2002.
  15. Annual Meeting, Association for Medical Education in Europe (AMEE), Lisbon, Portugal, August 29-September 1, 2002.
  16. International Health Studies, International Summit on Public-Private Partnerships for Health, Miami, Florida, December 8-11, 2002.
  17. World Conference on Global Standards in Medical Education for Better Health Care, World Federation for Medical Education, Copenhagen, Denmark, March 15-19, 2003.
  18. The International Virtual Medical School Steering Council Meeting, London, England, June 27-29, 2003.
  19. Annual Meeting, Association for Medical Education in Europe (AMEE), Bern, Switzerland, August 31-September 3, 2003.
  20. XVI Conference of the Spanish Society of Medical Education (SEDEM), Madrid, Spain, October 23-25, 2003.
  21. Shanghai Second Medical University, Presentation: "Global Essential Requirements: A Road to Competency-Based Medical Education", Shanghai, People's Republic of China,  October 31, 2003.
  22. Asian Medical Education in the 21st Century, Second Symposium of the Asian Medical Education Association (AMEA), Shanghai, People's Republic of China, November 2-4, 2003.
  23. International Conference:  "Medical Education in Central and Eastern Europe from Status Quo to Changes", Poznan, Poland, November 7-8, 2003.
  24. 11th International OTTAWA Conference on Medical Education, Barcelona, Spain, July 6-8, 2004.
  25. The International Virtual Medical School Steering Council Meeting, Edinburgh, Scotland, September 3, 2004.
  26. Annual Meeting, Association for Medical Education in Europe (AMEE), Edinburgh, Scotland, September 4-8, 2004.
  27. Asian Medical Education Association (AMEA), Symposium and Workshops on Assessment in Medical Education, Hong Kong, People's Republic of China, October 29-31, 2004.
  28. Annual Meeting, Association of American Medical Colleges (AAMC), Boston, MA, November 5-10, 2004.
  29. 2nd Asia-Pacific Medical Education Conference, "Assessment TIPS (Trends, Issues, Priorities, Standards), National University of Singapore, December 7-10, 2004.
  30. Association of American Medical Colleges (AAMC), IIME "GMER" Presentation, Washington, D.C., December 17, 2004.
  31. Association of American Medical Colleges (AAMC), Research in Medical Education (RIME) Meeting  "Assessment of the Psychometric Properties of the China Pilot Examination: A Collaboration Between the NBME, the CMB, the IIME and a Consortium of Chinese Medical Schools." Washington, D. C., November 9, 2005.
  32. Association of Canadian Medical Colleges, "Objectives: A Panacea or a Curse?  A Global Perspective on the Use of Objectives to Link Core Learning Expectations to Assessment."  Saskatoon, Canada, April 4-6, 2005.
  33. Association of Mexican Medical School (AMFEM),  "An International Competency Based Curriculum: Global Minimum Essential Requirements."  Invited Plenary Presentation , Toluca, Mexico, April 21, 2005.
  34. Panamerican Federation of Medical Schools (PAFAMS), Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic, "Minimum Competencies for Medical Graduates, A Global Affair" Invited plenary presentation, April 20, 2006.
  35. Ottawa Conference in Medical Education, New York, New York, ""  May 18, 2006.

Abstract and Poster Presentations:

  1. Wojtczak, A.  (2000)  Global essential requirements & standards in medical education.  (Abstract)  Association for Medical Education in Europe (AMEE), Programme and Abstracts, 27-30 August, Beer Sheva, Israel, p. 12.
  2. Wojtczak, A., Schwarz, M.R.  (2001)  International standards in medical education:  what are they and do we really need them?  (Abstract)  Association for Medical Education in Europe (AMEE), Programme and Abstracts,  2-5 September, Berlin, Germany, p. 4.27.
  3. Schwarz, M.R., Wojtczak, A., Stern, D.S., Yao, T., Dunn, M.  (2002)  Global minimum essential requirements for the doctor of the 21st century.  (Abstract)  Association for Medical Education in Europe (AMEE), Programme and Abstracts, 29 August-1 September, Lisbon, Portugal, p. 4.140.
  4. Wojtczak, A., Stern, D.T., Schwarz, M.R.  (2003) Assessing global competencies in the leading Chinese medical schools:  The IIME Project.  (Abstract)  Association for Medical Education in Europe (AMEE), Programme and Abstracts, August 31-September 3, Bern, Switzerland.
  5. Wojtczak, A., Schwarz, M.R., Stern, D.T., Tao, T., Wan, X.  (2004)  Global essential competencies and their evaluation.  (Abstract)  Educación Médica  7(3):207 (11th International OTTAWA Conference on Medical Education, July 6-8, Barcelona, Spain).
  6. Schwarz, M.R.,  Wojtczak, A., Stern, D.T., Guan, Y.,  (2004)  Global minimum essential requirements:  roads to competence-based medical education.  (Abstract)  Association for Medical Education in Europe (AMEE), Programme and Abstracts, September 5-8, Edinburgh, Scotland, U.K.
  7. Wojtczak, A., Schwarz, M.R., Stern, D.T., Zhou, T.  (2004)  Pilot evaluation of the global essential competencies of graduates of leading Chinese medical schools.  (Abstract)  Association for Medical Education in Europe (AMEE), Programme and Abstracts, September 5-8, Edinburgh, Scotland, U.K.
  8. Stern, D.T., Ben-David, M.F., Wojtczak, A., Schwarz, M.R.  (2004)  Setting school-level international standards.  (Abstract)  Association for Medical Education in Europe (AMEE), Programme and Abstracts, September 5-8, Edinburgh, Scotland, U.K.
  9. Stern, D.T., Friedman Ben-David, M., De Champlain, A., Hodges, B., Wojtczak, A., Schwarz, M.R.  (2005)   Ensuring global standards for medical graduates:  a pilot study of international standard setting.  Medical Teacher  27(3), 207-213.
  10. Schwarz, M.R., Wojtczak, A., Stern, D.T. (2005)  Impact of the Pilot Assessment of the Global Essential Competencies of Medical Graduates in China.  (Abstract)  Association for Medical Education in Europe (AMEE), Programme and Abstracts, August 30-September 3, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
  11. De Champlain, A.F., Wojtczak, A., Schwarz, M.R., Holtzman, K., Swanson, D., Kiepert, M., Stern, D.T., "Assessment of the Psychometric Properties of the China Pilot Examination: A Collaboration Between the NBME, the CMB, the IIME and a Consortium of Chinese Medical Schools."  November 9, 2005, Washington, D.C. Presented at the Research in Medical Education (RIME) Meeting, Association of American Medical Colleges (AAMC).